Kolonialismi murtuu Aasiassa - sata vuotta Filippiinien vallankumouksesta
Sivun on päivittänyt 2.1.2007 Riitta Vartti, email@example.com.
Seminaari lauantaina 26.4.1997 klo 10-15.30
Aasian ja Afrikan kielten ja kulttuurien laitos
Meritullinkatu 1 B, 1. kerros.
- Filippiinit-seura ry
- Aasian ja Afrikan kielten ja kulttuurien laitos, Helsingin yliopisto
- Iberoamerikkalainen keskus, Helsingin yliopisto
- Aasian ystävät ry
- Suomen Ekumeenisen Kasvatuksen Yhdistys ry (SEKY)
"An Exceptional Colonialism? U.S. Education in the
In 1898, when the U.S. laid claim to the Philippines, American schoolteachers were shipped to the archipelago before the fighting had entirely ceased. The provison of education to the Philippine masses was a cornerstore of U.s. policy in the Philippines and -- in the view of the colonial administration -- mae the American brand of colonialism "exceptional" and unique. No European imperial power had offered indigenous peoples such an extensive system of free primary schooling. Yet, as this paper argues, it was not the U.S. colonial government alone that determined the impact of the expanded opportunities for education. The American schoolteachers, strategically situated so that they could act as agents of social pacificatio all over the archipelago, were often days or weeks away from Manila's office of education. The teachers were forced to fashion their own responses to local conditions, drawing upon the ontradictory, shifting values of a country newly in search of empire.
Contemporary social analysts direct our attention to the many ways in which subordinate groups reinterpret the ideologies of the powerful. Less examined, however, are the resistances and blockages thrown in the path of official intention by those who are not at the bottom of social hierarchies, but at mid-levels, as the teachers were. By focusing upon the teachers' practices, then, the paper seeks a more nuanced understanding of the type of colonialism the Americans imposed upon the Filipinos. As we will see, there were disjunctures and inconsistencies in U.S. colonial policy -- between the state and its human agents, and between the two poles of naked imperialism and a deeply-felt, if naive, progressivism on the part of the colonial administrators.
Lue lisää - read more in
Margold, Jane A. (1996). An Exceptional Colinalism: U. S. Thomasites in the Turn-of-the-Century Philippines. Suomen antropologi 4 / 1996.
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